The Government Documents collection has printed statistical reports available for the 1960, 1970, 1980, 1990, and 2000 censuses. Some reports were issued in microfiche and DVD. The collection also includes many special subject reports issued for each census year. Click on the document link below for a list of selected reports with call numbers and locations.
For descriptions and an excellent discussion of the various census reports, see Using Government Information Sources, Electronic and Print, 3rd edition (2001), Chapter 28: "Population Statistics," pp. 245-260. Available at the Reference Desk at call number Z 1223.Z7S4 2001.
The Census Bureau has been digitizing the historical census reports, and these are available on the first website listed below.
Historians, demographers, and family researchers all make use of the actual census schedules, where individuals are listed with various information about them such as age, relationship, marital status, birthplace, citizenship, and occupation. For a list of questions asked in each census year, consult the Census Bureau's Index of Questions or Measuring America. For the availability of original census records, see FactFinder for the Nation: Availability of Census Records About Individuals.
Digital images and some indexes are available for all states for the U.S. Census of Population schedules 1790 to 1930 through the TexShare database, HeritageQuest Online.
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